Introduction to Global Cybersecurity Index
More than half of the world’s population is currently online. By the end of 2018, 51.2 percent of individuals, equivalent to 3.9 billion people, were using the Internet. This is a significant step towards a more inclusive global information society but also an important need for increased cyber protection.
According to the ITU Connect 20301, there will be 70 percent Internet penetration by 2023, increasing the need for a more cyber-secure space. Studies show the global average cost of a data breach was up 6.4 percent in 2018. At the same time due to the boost in the use of ICTs, the projected cybercrime cost will be an estimated USD 2 trillion by the end of 2019
There have been fewer ransomware attacks, but more personal data breaches and critical infrastructure breaches and this included hundreds of universities. Also, there is still a visible gap between many countries in terms of knowledge for the implementation of cybercrime legislation, national cybersecurity strategies (NCS), computer emergency response teams (CERTs), awareness and capacity to spread out the strategies, and capabilities and programs in the field of cybersecurity. Sustainable development in this area should ensure the resilient and adequate use of ICTs as well as economic growth.
This report reviews the cybersecurity commitment and situation in all the ITU regions: Africa, Americas, Arab States, Asia-Pacific, CIS, and Europe, and puts countries with high commitment and recommendable practices in the spotlight. The methodology used to produce the GCI is explained in more detail in the main content of the report. The scoring process was done in collaboration with a panel of experts.
The Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) is included under ITU Plenipotentiary Resolution 130 (Rev. Dubai, 2018) on strengthening the role of ITU in building confidence and security in the use of information and communication technologies. Specifically, Member States are invited “to support ITU initiatives on cybersecurity, including the Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI), to promote government strategies and the sharing of information on efforts across industries and sectors”. The ultimate goal is to foster a global culture of cybersecurity and its integration at the core of information and communication technologies.